1. If we consider a gallon of gas as having 100 units of energy, and 25 of those units are

1. If we consider a gallon of gas as having 100 units of energy, and 25 of those units are

1. If we consider a gallon of gas as having 100 units of energy, and 25 of those units are used to move the car, what law of thermodynamics accounts for the other 75 units of energy? (Points : 2)the first lawthe second law2. Which of these is not a component of a molecule of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)? (Points : 3)adenosinephosphatedeoxyribose sugarribose sugar3. Glycolysis is a sequence of chemical reactions. (Points : 3)ninesixfiveten4. Exergonic reactions produce products with a energy level than that of the initial reactants. (Points : 3)lowerhigherthe same5. When chemical X is reduced, which of these expressions would be an accurate representation of its reduced state? (Points : 3)XOXHXHX6. Most enzymes are which kind of organic compound? (Points : 3)carbohydrateslipidsproteinsnone of the above7. The area on an enzyme where the substrate attaches is called the: (Points : 3)active siteallosteric siteanabolic siteinactive site8. Which of the following creatures would not be an autotroph? (Points : 3)cactuscyanobacteriafishpalm tree9. The process by which most of the worlds autotrophs make their food is known as: (Points : 3)glycolysisphotosynthesischemosynthesisherbivory10. Plants are the only organisms that use ATP for the transfer and storage of energy. (Points : 2)True False 11. The colors of light in the visible range (from longest wavelength to shortest) are: (Points : 3)ROYGBIVVIBGYORGRBIYVROYROGERS12. Chlorophyll is a green pigment because it absorbs only the green part of the visible light spectrum. (Points : 2)True False 13. The photosynthetic pigment that is essential for the process to occur is: (Points : 3)chlorophyll achlorophyll bbeta carotenexanthocyanin14. A photosystem is: (Points : 3)a collection of hydrogen-pumping proteinsa series of electron-accepting proteins arranged in the thylakoid membranea collection of photosynthetic pigments arranged in a thylakoid membranefound only in prokaryotic organisms15. Which of these molecules is NOT a product of the Electron Transport System? (Points : 3)ATPWaterPyruvateNAD+16. The dark reactions require all of these chemicals to proceed except: (Points : 3)ATPNADPHcarbon dioxideoxygen17. The structural unit of photosynthesis, where the photosystems are located, are called: (Points : 3)chlorophyllseukaryotesstromathylakoids18. Which of the following does NOT occur during the light independent process? (Points : 3)CO2 is used to form carbohydratesNADPH converts to NADPADP converts to ATPATP converts to ADP19. The production of ATP that occurs in the presence of oxygen is called: (Points : 3)aerobic respirationanaerobic respirationchemiosmosisphotosynthesis20. The first stable chemical formed by the Calvin Cycle is: (Points : 3)RuBPRU/18PGAPGAL


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