1) The structure that manages projects within

1) The structure that manages projects within

1) The structure that manages projects within the existing organizational structure is organization.ProjectBalanced matrixFunctionalStrong matrixWeak matrix2) A series of coordinated, related, multiple projects that continue over extended time intended to achieve a goal is known as a:CrusadeProgramCampaignVentureStrategy3) Adverse weather, design flaws, and equipment breakdown can create negative slack. This is an example of reducing project duration caused by:High overheadUnforeseen project delaysImposed project deadlinesTime to marketIncentive contracts4) The project communication plan containsProject team vacation scheduleUnapproved change requestsA list of reports to be distributedAn assessment of project risksDetailed task assignments5) In which of the following theories does the project group transition from a lower level to a higher level of performance about halfway through the project?Five Stage Team Development ModelNominal Group TechniqueSynergistic Transition Development ModelDysfunctional Transition ModelPunctuated Equilibrium Model of Group Development6) In a resource-constrained project, which of the following is most likely to be changed?Project qualityThe budgetThe completion date7) American project managers have earned a reputation abroad for being very good at understanding technology but not good at understanding:PeopleCulturesLocal traditionsLocal business practicesLaws8) organization is a hybrid form in which a horizontal project management structure is overlaid in the normal functional hierarchy.FunctionalProjectMatrixBalanced9) The lowest element in the hierarchical breakdown of the WBS isA work packageA cost accountAn objectA lowest sub deliverableA deliverable10) A project budget report is showing our project as spending $35,000 against a budgeted amount of $40,000. What does this report tell you about the project?We are doing a good job managing the projectWe are spending less than we should for the projectWe should check to see if all the bills have been paidWe cant be sure how the project is going11) The project communication plan is usually created byTeam MemberDepartment ManagerProject StakeholderProject SponsorProject Manager12) In which of the following stages is a major portion of the physical and mental project work performed?DeliveringPlanningDefiningExecutingConceptualizing13) If the Project Manager needs additional resources for the project, he/she should seek approval fromProject StakeholderProject SponsorProject TeamFunctional ManagerCEO14) During the last two phases of a projects life cycle, the most significant source of conflict is:CostsPrioritiesSchedulesTechnicalProcedures15) The earned value of a project is the:Total project cost to dateProject cost to date adjusted for project scope changesPercent of the original budget that has been earned by actual workCost incurred minus the planned cost16) Project leadership is about coping with:Monitoring results against plansFormulating plans and objectivesChangeTaking corrective action when necessary17) The final step in the creation of a Work Breakdown Structure is to18) Develop the responsibility matrixDevelop the responsibility matrixAssign the cost account to a managerCode the WBS for trackingAssign the work package to a manager19) The first step in the project control process of the measurement and evaluation of project performance is toDetermine the project objectivesReview the project priority matrixAnalyze the project budgetSet a baseline planDetermine the project deliverables20) Two of the biggest challenges involved in managing a virtual project team are:Time management and developing trustThe language barriers and time managementDeveloping trust and effective patterns of communicationThe language barriers and developing effective patterns of communicationTime management and developing effective patterns of communication21) The centralized management of projects to ensure that the allocation of resources to projects is directed toward projects that contribute the greatest value to organization goals is known as:Resource Allocation OptimizationProject Priority Matrix ManagementPortfolio Project ManagementProject Management OptimizationProject Office Management22) Sam the project engineer has been scheduled to run the product system test at the same time he is to build a marketing prototype. This is an example of a constraint.PhysicalSchedulingTechnicalResourceTime23) Small refinements to the project that eventually build to be major changes are known as:Continuous improvementsSpecification adjustmentsScope creepSpecification refinementsProject erosion24) Which of the following is considered a project indirect costSupervisionEquipmentMaterialsLabor25) From among the following activities, which is the best example of a project?Producing automobilesWriting a term paperCompleting a college degreeProcessing insurance claims26) To construct a high-quality, custom home within five months at costs not to exceed $150,000 is best classified asA deliverableA limitAn objectiveAn exclusionA milestone27) Audits are least likely to occurWhen major milestones are reachedAt identified spending level pointsDuring specific stages in the project life cycleWhen they are unplanned28) Project Communication Plans address all the following core questions except:* How will the project team be rewarded?** What information will be communicated?* How will information be communicated?* Who will receive the information?* When will the information be communicated?29) Communications difficulties because of different languages, social standards, and religious views are examples of which of the following environmental factors?CulturalGeographicSecurityInfrastructureLegal/political30) Which of the following is considered a project direct cost?SupervisionEquipmentInterestConsultants31) If resources are not adequate to meet peak demands, the resulting reschedule is termedProject resource adjustmentResource-constrained schedulingBottleneck adjustmentMandatory levelingTime-constrained scheduling32) Which of the following requires more management rather than leadership?Taking corrective actionChanges in project scopeBreakdowns in coordination between peopleMTechnological stalemates33) In which of the following stages is it determined what the project will entail, when it will be scheduled, whom it will benefit, and what the budget will be?DefiningExecutingDeliveringConceptualizingPlanning34) In reviewing the project plan, Susan sees that the first prototype is due by October 12. This would be best classified as aCritical goalProject objectiveLimit itemMilestoneProject target35) The most common response for meeting unattainable deadlines is to:Implement the fast-tracking systemFire the project managerHire more peopleShift to the critical chainReduce or scale back the scope of the project36) The process of forecasting or approximating the time and cost of completing project deliverables is calledPlanningPredictingBudgetingGuesstimatingEstimating37) A typical expectation in actual practice is that estimates should have a probability of being met of the time.95%80%98%100%90%38) The last step in the Change Control Management process isNegotiate and resolve conflictsFormally disapprove changesTrack all changes that are to be implementedChange the project scheduleLodge a complaint39) The most common response for meeting unattainable deadlines is to:Reduce or scale back the scope of the projectImplement the fast-tracking systemFire the project managerHire more peopleShift to the critical chain40) In which of the following stages are project objectives established, teams formed, and major responsibilities assigned?DefiningDeliveringExecutingConceptualizingPlanning41) Needs for a project could include telecommunications, transportation, power, and availability of technically skilled talent. This is an example of which of the following environmental factors?CulturalEconomicGeographicInfrastructureLegal/political42) The method most frequently used in measuring project progress is the75/25 percent rulePercent complete rule0/100 percent rule50/50 percent rule25/75 percent rule43) A good benchmark to use as a time limit for conducting a project audit isOne weekTwo weeksOne monthOne dayTwo months44) Corrective actions that should take place would typically appear in the section of the audit report.Strategic objectivesLessons learnedAnalysisClassification of projectRecommendations45) The person responsible for tracking approved changes to the project isProject ManagerProject RequestorProject Team MemberProject StakeholderProject Sponsor46) The project is running behind schedule, the best thing for the project manager to do isTake corrective actionApply for a transferProduce a Gantt ChartHire more resources47) The method used to collect information to use through all phases of the project life cycle is calledWork breakdown structureOrganization breakdown structurePriority matrixResponsibility matrixWork package48) Which of the following is the easiest method for shortening project time?Subcontract workReduce project scopeSchedule overtimeReduce the qualityAssigning additional staff and equipment49) In which of the following is the balance of authority strongly in favor of the functional managers?Balanced matrixWeakStrong matrixStrong50) Which of the following is commonly associated with high-performing project teams?A degree of competition among team members is encouragedRoles and specific responsibilities are well-definedMistakes are viewed as opportunities for learningRisk taking is controlled and not allowed to jeopardize the overall project51) The first step of project scope definition is toDefine the overall objective to meet the customers needsMeet with team membersAnalyze the current budget planSelect team membersAnalyze the strategic plan52) In reviewing the project plan, Susan sees that the first prototype is due by October 12. This would be best classified as aLimit itemCritical goalProject objectiveProject targetMilestone


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