1. Which of the following statement accurately reflects what we know about facilitating science learning for infants and toddlers?A. Infants and toddlers are too young to develop science skills, instead, you ;should focus on physical skills.B. Its important to have a science circle each week where the teacher demonstrates a science concept to the infants and toddlers.C. Infant toddler classrooms should have a variety of materials that emphasize such concepts as cause and effect and classification.D. Infant toddler teachers need to have a fully developed science center that includes such materials as magnets and simple science experiments.2. To design an effective dramatic play center, which of the following criteria would you follow?A. Limited props so children are encouraged to use their imaginationB. High ceiling height so that the area doesnt seem too smallC. Located in the quiet area of the classroomD. Some safe, loose parts so children can create what they need3. Which of the following statements concerning infants and music is true?A. Even before birth, children respond to music.B. Lullabies are found only in cultures originating in Europe, so they might not be appropriate in all cultural settings.C. Babies arent instinctive music makers; instead, they need to be taught to create and respond to music.D. Its best to concentrate on talking to babies rather than singing because language development is so crucial.4. The sensory center can help children develop skills and knowledge in which of the following domains?A. Physical, social, and cognitiveB. Physical onlyC. Physical and socialD. Physical, social, emotional, and cognitive5. Which of the following would be an important consideration when supplying musical instruments?A. Providing durable, quality-sounding instruments even if you only have a fewB. Avoiding home-made instruments since they tend to have low sound qualityC. Providing whistles since these are favorite instruments of childrenD. Having an abundance of instruments even if theyre low quality6. When would you provide a very limited variety of art materials?A. When children are first introduced to an art media or toolB. Its important to always have a rich variety of art materialsC. When the art center is smallD. When children are under the age of four7. Which of the following teachers is using the computer most effectively?A. I believe that my preschool children learn more if they only use hands-on manipulatives. The computer is too likely to just bea plaything. Therefore, I dont use the computer for math.B. I use the computer to manipulate figures and place the actual hands-on manipulatives nearby.C. I use the computer primarily for math practice and drill.D. I use the computer so that children can manipulate geometric figures.8. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics states that all five math standards are important in the early childhood years. However, they state that an emphasis needs to be placed on which of the following standards?A. Numbers and operations, algebra, measurementB. Algebra, geometry, data analysisC. Algebra, geometry, measurementD. Numbers and operations, geometry, measurement9. Which would be the most appropriate way to respond to art work?A. I like the way you used the different markers.B. What is your picture?C. You used both thin and thick lines in your drawing.D. You did a great job.10. According to the textbook, which of the following statements is true in regard to technology use by young children?A. Computers can replace many other tools currently in classrooms such as drawing materials.B. The majority of young children dont use technology.C. Computers shouldnt be used by children under six since theyre detrimental to childrens health.D. Computers are a tool that can be appropriately or inappropriately used.11. Superhero and war play concern many teachers. These teachers describe how they manage this type of play. Which is most effective?A. I allow this type of only on Fridays. On that day I have extra help to keep an eye on the play.B. I ban the play since it seems to quickly get out of control when this type of play begins.C. I focus on real-life heroes, inviting them to the classroom and providing props.D. I feel that children should be able to play whatever they wish without any adult intervention. Lately the children have been immersed in pirate play, pretending to kill each other with swords.12. Which of the following is a true statement in regard to art for children under the age of three?A. Although children this age can begin to scribble, its best to provide only crayons since theyre too young for other art media.B. Its important to introduce a different art activity each day so that the children dont become bored.C. A major art goal for children under three is exploration of media such as clay, crayons, markers, and paint.D. Children under three are too young to participate in art since theyre often still mouthing items.13. Clean up can be a challenge in the block center. Following are strategies used by four different teachers to assist with clean-up. According to information in the textbook, which would be the most effective strategy?A. Im now using boxes rather than shelves in the block center. Its much quicker to just put the blocks in a box rather than place them on a shelf.B. I reduced the number of blocks in the area. This way it isnt so overwhelming at clean-up.C. I make clean-up a game. For example, some days we play beat the clock seeing how many blocks we can pick up before a timer rings.D. Children who are in the block area when the bell rings to signal the end of center time are assigned to clean the area. If they dont have all the blocks put away in a reasonable amount of time, then they arent allowed to play there the next day.14. Which statement is true regarding the use of the computer for children with special needs?A. Technology can be a compensatory tool for children with disabilities.B. Its better for children with special needs to use hands-on activities rather than computers.C. Childrens attention spans are reduced when using the computer, so its especially important to avoid computers for children who have attention issues.D. Computers tend to aggravate problems for children with autism, giving them less opportunity to practice communication skills.15. Which of the following would assist toddlers to learn one-to-one correspondence?A. Number cards to traceB. Old calculatorsC. Play dough to create lettersD. Pegs and pegboards16. Vygotsky states that sociodramatic play is ideal for assisting children to develop self-regulation. Why is this true?A. Children have few rules when participating in dramatic play.B. Children have little need to plan while participating in sociodramatic playC. Children practice rule-bound behavior in a motivating situation while participating in dramatic play.D. Children dont have to worry about peers, only themselves, when participating in dramatic play.17. Which of the following teachers is providing the children in her classroom the needed opportunity to develop skills through block building?A. I have a center that contains unit blocks and props.B. I also have a small classroom and so have added Legos and other small building blocks to my manipulative center rather than having a separate block center.C. My room is too small for a block center, and the children dont really like it anywayD. I have a small classroom so I rotate the block and dramatic play center since children develop the same skills in both centers.18. The reading center needs to represent a variety of cultures. Which of the following teachers responses reflects the philosophy found in your textbook?A. I believe that its more important to choose high quality books that fit with the theme were studying rather than worrying about whether theyre multicultural.B. I provide a variety of multicultural literature as a way of exposing children to their own and to others cultures.C. At the beginning of the school year, I ask each of the parents what culture they are. This year all the parents said theyre Caucasian. I guess I dont need to worry about multicultural literature this year.D. I choose books that represent the cultures that are in my community. We live in a community with many American Indians, so I try to make sure that I have books that represent the American Indian culture.19. The reading area needs to be well-stocked with quality books. A well-stocked reading area would contain which of the following?A. One to two books per child in the classroomB. Three to four books per child in the classroomC. Ten books per child in the classroomD. Five to eight books per child in the classroom20. Which of the following teachers responses illustrates the appropriate use of literature for infants and toddlers?A. I believe that infants and toddlers are too young for books. Instead its best to focus on oral language.B. I have a variety of books available for the infants in my room. Theyre on a high shelf. When the infants want one, they point at it and I get it down for them. That way I can make sure none of the books get damaged.C. I have a low bookshelf in my room that has cloth and board books. The infants can look at the books whenever they wish.D. Each day I have a story time for the infants in my classroom. We try to read at least two books during this time. But, if they get too restless, I stop the story and let them leave the circle.