1. Studies conducted by Purkey and Hamachek in the 1970s found thatA. corporal punishment doesnt enhance cooperation in a classroom.B. students work harder in a system of rewards and punishments.C. theres a correlation between self-esteem and educational practices.D. theres a difference between behavior and misbehavior.2. Part of the NAEYCs definition of guidance includesA. teaching children to learn from their mistakes.B. establishing classroom routines where children learn from the teachers direction.C. respecting the teacher as the authority of the classroom.D. teaching children that rewards come to only those who work hard.3. Guidance enables children to develop at their own rates and learn in their own ways is a philosophy ofA. Haim GinottB. ConstructionistsC. Arthur CombsD. Self-psychologists4. Which one of the following ideas is integral to the Head Start program?A. Head Start focuses on the education of children in inner cities.B. Head Start teachers provide regular progress reports to each childs parents.C. Head Start encourages the involvement of parents at several levels.D. Head Start focuses on the education of children in their own homes.5. One of the foundations of developmentally appropriate practice as explained by the NAEYC is thatA. teachers must establish themselves as behavior models and authority figures.B. teachers must respond to all children in the same way to be fair.C. traditional educational practices are effective and should be continued.D. discipline practices based on rewards and punishment are inappropriate.6. One of Rudolph Dreikurss contributions to the field of early childhood education is his belief thatA. childrens impulses are necessary for their development.End of examB. theres a difference between behavior and misbehavior.C. all behavior is goal-directed.D. the child is in a continual state of change.7. Jean Piaget is known for which one of the following ideas about teachers and the children they teach?A. Schools must address the self-concepts of learners.B. Teachers need to be leaders, rather than bosses.C. Respect for the individual is critical, and modeling of cooperation by adults is essential for learning.D. Healthy development of the child results in an adult capability for interconnectedness with social groups.8. Learning centers are examples of John Deweys emphasis onA. positive discipline.B. goal-directed learning.C. project-based methods.D. democratic objectives.9. What is the primary goal in the guidance approach?A. InitiativeB. IndustryC. AutonomyD. Acceptance10. Rudolph Dreikurs was influential in a movement towardsA. classroom interaction.B. the development of the nursery school movement.C. a system of rewards and punishment.D. positive discipline.