405581RR Foundations of the Guidance Approach

405581RR Foundations of the Guidance Approach

1. The idea that mistaken behavior may be caused by a poor educational-program fit for the student is the idea behindA. conflict management.B. conflict-driven mistaken behavior.C. strong-needs mistaken behavior.D. institution-caused mistaken behavior.2. A child who doesnt reach autonomy in Eriksons stages of development will most likely feelA. separation anxiety.B. guilt.C. inferiority.D. shame and doubt.3. In working with parents to educate children, teachers should remember thatA. teachers are the primary educators of the children.B. parents are the primary educators of the children.C. using technical terms to converse with parents helps establish professionalism.D. parents look to teachers to educate their children because parents dont feel as qualified.4. Which one of the following is false regarding stigmas and labels?A. They reduce a students ability to participate fully in the group.B. The teacher comes to believe the problem is totally within the child.C. They liberate students from traditional learning practices.D. They greatly decrease a students self-esteem.5. Taking away another childs toy is evidence of a childs aggression.A. instrumentalB. physicalC. psychologicalD. reactive6. An appropriate practice to reduce stigma in children isA. accepting our humaneness.B. creating an encouraging classroom.C. fixing the problem of the match.D. liberation teaching.7. Kounin says that teachers who are most effective have which one of the following skills?A. A with-it-nessB. A positive attitudeC. Mastered negotiation skillsD. Mastered conflict management skills8. One of the children in your classroom refuses to come over for story time and wants to sit at her desk with her head down. She usually loves story time. Which of the following can you hypothesize as the motivation for this mistaken behavior?A. She doesnt understand the directions.B. She isnt feeling well.C. She is expressing deep hostility.D. She wants to see how youll react.9. According to Erik Erikson, which of the following life conflicts do preprimary-aged children (42 months to 6 years) face?A. Autonomy versus shame and doubtB. Industry versus inferiorityC. Initiative versus guiltD. Trust versus mistrust10. If a child in your classroom frequently displays strong needs mistaken behavior, what should you as theteacher first look for as a factor contributing to this behavior?A. Instances of superhero syndromeB. Physical or emotional discomfortC. The need to please othersD. The influence of peer pressure11. Accepting all children as developing human beings despite cases of mistaken behavior is the backbone ofA. unconditional positive regard.B. reducing stigmas.C. goodness of fit.D. liberation teaching.12. Which of the following is one of the key discoveries from the contributions of brain research on development?A. The brain develops physiologically through experiences in childhood.B. Emotions dont have any impact on how a child develops.C. Intelligence is fixed at birth.D. Children can learn only during specific windows of opportunity.13. Separation anxiety falls under which of Eriksons stages of development?A. Autonomy vs. shame and doubtB. Trust vs. mistrustC. Initiative vs. guiltD. Industry vs. inferiority14. When theres a poor child-program match, younger children frequentlyA. grow up faster.B. lapse into passivity.C. cry more often.D. bite.15. If crisis management becomes necessary in your classroom, which one of the following techniquescould you use as part of the guidance tradition?A. Talking to the child after he or she calms down to discuss ways of resolving problems in the futureB. Making the child apologize to the othersC. Restraining the child as a punishment until he or she calms downD. Calling up the childs parents immediately and having them talk to their child16. The capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and formanaging emotions well in ourselves and in our relationships refers toA. the importance of brain research on development.B. emotional intelligence.C. traditional intelligence.D. multiple intelligences.17. During the first five years of life, percent of children attend some form of child care program.A. 50B. 25-30C. 75D. 50-7018. According to Maslow, what are the two basic sets of needs for humans?A. Love and respectB. Safety and growthC. Relationships and a sense of purposeD. Industry and self-worth19. The brain structure that processes a childs experiences into emotions is theA. amygdala.B. frontal lobe.C. hippocampus.D. cerebral cortex.20. When a child engages in mistaken behavior in an effort to please others, into which level of mistakenbehavior does this situation fall?A. 3B. 1C. 4D. 2


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