acc 205 week 5 assignment financial ratios

# acc 205 week 5 assignment financial ratios

1. Liquidity ratios. Edison, Stagg, and Thornton have the following financial information at the close of business on July 10:EdisonStaggThorntonCash\$4,000\$2,500\$1,000Short-term investments3,0002,5002,000Accounts receivable2,0002,5003,000Inventory1,0002,5004,000Prepaid expenses800800800Accounts payable200200200Notes payable: short-term3,1003,1003,100Accrued payables300300300Long-term liabilities3,8003,8003,800Compute the current and quick ratios for each of the three companies. (Round calculations to two decimal places.) Which firm is the most liquid? Why?Suppose Thornton is using FIFO for inventory valuation and Edison is using LIFO. Comment on the comparability of information between these two companies.If all short-term notes payable are due on July 11 at 8 a.m., comment on each companys ability to settle its obligation in a timely manner.1. Computation and evaluation of activity ratios. The following data relate to Alaska Products, Inc:19X519X4Net credit sales\$832,000\$760,000Cost of goods sold440,000350,000Cash, Dec. 31125,000110,000Accounts receivable, Dec. 31180,000140,000Inventory, Dec. 3170,00050,000Accounts payable, Dec. 31115,000108,000The company is planning to borrow \$300,000 via a 90-day bank loan to cover short-term operating needs.a. Compute the accounts receivable and inventory turnover ratios for 19X5. Alaska rounds all calculations to two decimal places.a. Study the ratios from part (a) and comment on the companys ability to repay a bank loan in 90 days.a. Suppose that Alaskas major line of business involves the processing and distribution of fresh and frozen fish throughout the United States. Do you have any concerns about the companys inventory turnover ratio? Briefly discuss.1. Profitability ratios, trading on the equity. Digital Relay has both preferred and common stock outstanding. The com?pany reported the following information for 19X7:Net sales\$1,500,000Interest expense120,000Income tax expense80,000Preferred dividends25,000Net income130,000Average assets1,100,000Average common stockholders equity400,000Compute the profit margin on sales and the rates of return on assets and common stockholders equity, rounding calculations to two decimal places.Does the firm have positive or negative financial leverage? Briefly ex?plain.1. Financial statement construction via ratios. Incomplete financial statements of Lock Box, Inc., are presented below.LOCK BOX, INC.Income StatementFor the Year Ended December 31, 19X3Sales\$ ?Cost of goods sold?Gross profit\$15,000,000Operating expenses & interest?Income before tax\$ ?Income taxes, 40%?Net income\$ ?LOCK BOX, INC.Balance SheetDecember 31, 19X3AssetsCashAccounts receivable InventoryProperty, plant, &. equipment Total assets\$ ???8,000,000\$24,000,000Liabilities & Stockholders EquityAccounts payable Notes payable (short-term) Bonds payable Common stock Retained earningsTotal liabilities & stockholders equity\$ ?600,000 4,600,0002,000,000?\$24,000,000Further information:Cost of goods sold is 60% of sales. All sales are on account.The companys beginning inventory is \$5 million; inventory turnover is 4.The debt to total assets ratio is 70%.The profit margin on sales is 6%.The firms accounts receivable turnover is 5. Receivables increased by \$400,000 during the year.Instructions: Using the preceding data, complete the income statement and the balance sheet.