American Dream Today, more than ever, the hope of the American Dream is in trouble. According to David Kamp?s 2009 article, ?Rethinking the American Dream,? the problem with this dream is that it has changed over time, from a desire to improve one?s lot in life based on hard work, to a materialistic nightmare where ?rich? is never enough. But even early- and mid-twentieth-century texts that discussed the concept of the American Dream were rarely idealistic; indeed, many are tragic.