The purpose of this writing assignment is to assess 1) whether you have a correct understanding of ancient Egyptian beliefs about the workings of nature and 2) whether you have acquired the skills to analyze and interpret religious texts and imagery from ancient Egypt. In your paper, you must base your arguments on authentic texts in English translation, images from papyri, tombs or temples, as well as modern-day scholarship. This means that your paper will include several quotes and excerpts from translated texts, at least 3 illustrations with your explanations, and references to scholarly books and articles. The textbook and course website give you sufficient information and sources, but you are allowed to make use of additional academic resources from the research library. This assignment is thus an exercise in applying your knowledge of Egyptian religion and articulating your own opinion in academic writing. Instructions: Write an essay on the question of how the ancient Egyptians conceived of the origin and nature of the created world. How was the cosmos created and how is it maintained? What are the basic divisions, entities, and phenomena? How do they relate and interact? What is the significance of the concept of time in all of this? How useful is the scholarly concept of ??multiplicity of approaches?? in understanding how the Egyptians expressed their beliefs about the created world? Is there one coherent source that gives an answer to all these questions or do you have to piece an answer together from a great variety of dissimilar sources? If the latter is the case, make sure to identify the types and possible inherent limitations of the various sources you use. You are required to use quotes or excerpts from at least five different Egyptian texts and three different images in your paper. Make sure to identify the texts clearly by their title (ancient or, if that has not been preserved to us, modern title), to succinctly describe the image and explicate how it illustrates a point made in the paper, and to reference the source from which you quote the translation or copy the image. If you use or discuss concepts or insights from modern scholars, you must provide clear references to their work (including page numbers).