The content of this chapter should focus on: 1. Introduction of the general concept of Melancholia, which dated back to ancient Greece 2. A survey on the notion of Melancholia in artistic/creative context, focusing on the visual arts. Nonetheless, explications of the notion of melancholia in general artistic/creative process may be drawn from the arts in general: (music,literature, etc.) 3. Selectively include some names of artists and his/her artworks related to the notion of melancholia. Images are NOT NECESSARY.