1.Question :(TCO 1) The type of budget that is updated on a regular basis is known as a Student Answer:continuous budget.revised budget.updated budget.flexible budget.2.Question :(TCO 2) The quantitative forecasting method that uses actual sales from recent time periods to predict future sales assuming that the closest time period is a more accurate predictor of future sales is:3.Question :(TCO 3) The regression statistic that measures how many standard errors the coefficient is from zero is the Student Answer:correlation coefficient.coefficient of determination.standard error of the estimate.t-statistic.4.Question :(TCO 4) Capital expenditures are incurred for all of the following reasons except:Student Answer:As preventive maintenanceTo counteract competitionDecreased productionImprovement in product quality5.Question :(TCO 5) Which of the following is not true when ranking proposals using zero-base budgeting?Student Answer:Due to changing circumstances, a low-priority item may later become a high-priority item.Decision packages are ranked in order of increasing benefit.Divisional and departmental managers submit initial recommendations, with top management making the final ranking.Nonfunded packages should also be ranked.6.Question :(TCO 6) Which of the following ignores the time value of money?Student Answer:Internal rate of returnProfitability indexNet present valuePayback period7.Question :(TCO 1) There are several approaches that may be used to develop the budget. Managers typically prefer an approach known as participative budgeting. Discuss this form of budgeting and identify its advantages and disadvantages.8.Question :(TCO 2) There are a variety of forecasting techniques that a company may use. Identify and discuss the three main quantitative approaches used for time series forecasting models.9.Question :(TCO 2) The Federal Election Commission maintains data showing the voting age population, the number of registered voters, and the turnout for federal elections. The following table shows the national voter turnout as a percentage of the voting age population from 1972 to 1996 (The Wall Street Journal Almanac; 1998):Voter TurnoutYear% TurnoutYear% Turnout197255198636197438198850197654199037197837199255198053199439198240199649198453Part (a) Use exponential smoothing to forecast this time series. Consider smoothing constants of a = 0.1 and 0.2. What is the forecast of the percentage of turnout in 1998?Part (b) Use the mean absolute deviation (MAD) to determine which smoothing constant provides the best forecast of voter turnout.10.Question :(TCO 3) Use the table Food and Beverage Sales for Pauls Pizzeria to answer the questions below.Food and Beverage Sales for Pauls Pizzeria Restaurant($000s)MonthFirst YearSecond YearJanuary5560February5354March5356April6344May6444June5434July3336August3537September2528October3030November3538December5452Part (a) Calculate the regression line and forecast sales for March of Year 3.Part (b) Calculate the seasonal forecast of sales for March of Year 3.Part (c) Which forecast do you think is most accurate and why?11.Question :(TCO 6) Jackson Company is considering two capital investment proposals. Estimates regarding each project are provided below:Project NutsProject BoltsInitial Investment$175,000$100,000Annual Net Income$30,00052,000Annual Cash Inflow$70,000$45,000Salvage Value$0$0Estimated Useful Life3 years3 yearsThe company requires a 9% rate of return on all new investments.Part (a) Calculate the payback period for each project.Part (b) Calculate the net present value for each project.Part (c) Which project should Jackson Company accept and why?12.Question :(TCO 6) Top Growth Farms, a farming cooperative, is considering purchasing a tractor for $468,000. The machine has a 10-year life and an estimated salvage value of $32,000. Top Growth uses straight-line depreciation. Top Growth estimates that the annual cash flow will be $78,000. The required rate of return is 9%.Part (a) Calculate the payback period.Part (b) Calculate the net present value.Part (c) Calculate the accounting rate of return.