DISSERTATION STRUCTURE AND GUIDANCE Early Childhoo Custom Research Paper Help

DISSERTATION STRUCTURE AND GUIDANCE Early Childhoo Custom Research Paper Help

APPLICATION FOR THE APPROVAL OF A RESEARCH PROJECT INVOLVING HUMAN PARTICIPANTS Students to complete this form as part of the submission of their final research project. 1. Your Programme: Module code: Title of module: Early Childhood Research Dissertation Title of research project: Exploring children s opportunities for outdoor play from the perspective of children (8-11years old) and parents in the London Borough of Greenwich. 3. Number of participants (approximately): 5 parents and 5 children between 8-11years. Nature of participants (profile/characteristics, e.g. friends children, primary school children): Parents and children that I live with in the same community. 4. Research (starting date): 28-09-2015 to (finishing date)2016 5. Aim(s) of the research summary /abstract This research aims to explore the opportunities in independent outdoor play, taking account of children s and parental concerns. Play is essential to development of children as it contributes to their cognitive, physical, social and emotional well-being. Play promotes creativity in children and helps with the development of resilience where children learn to overcome challenges, work in teams and negotiate with others, which are good skills for later life. Offering children the opportunity to explore their natural world with no supervision will make play spontaneous, non-goal directed and more pleasurable. However, parents are afraid to allow their children to go outside alone unless under supervision. Potential threats like paedophiles, strangers and traffic are all diminishing the opportunities for children to interact with their natural world. The research questions are therefore: 1) What are the possible benefits of outdoor play for children? 2) What opportunities are children given to play outdoor independently by their parents? 3) What factors influence parents decision for their children to play outdoors? 6. Outline the methods to be used (please give sufficient detail for the School Ethics Committee to be clear about what is involved in the research, including where the research will take place). This research will use the case study approach and it will be conducted in my community in the London borough of Greenwich. Qualitative methods of collecting data will be used involving face-to-face interviews with parents and children selected for this project. Parents will be interviewed individually but the children will be interviewed in two groups in their various homes. The interviews will be designed to examine a range of issues relating to children s outdoor play without being supervised by adult and it will be semi-structured. The interviews will be recorded and later transcribed. An Interpretivist paradigm will be used to explore and seek to explain the findings. 7. Please outline the potential risks to participant(s) in this research: (a) What is the nature of the risk(s)? Some of the participants may feel uncomfortable with some questions. (b) What precautions will be taken to minimise the risks to participant(s)? Questions will be phrased in such a way that they do not cause distress to the participant. 8. (a) How will the participants consent be obtained? Parents will sign a consent form for themselves and their children. The form will further explain expectations of both parents and children. Children will also be asked to express consent by drawing either a happy or sad face to show their approval. Confidentiality and anonymity will be assured and maintained. (b) What will participants be told as to the nature of the research? Participants will be told that this research is a requirement of the researcher s early childhood degree programme and that the researcher wants to explore what opportunities parents give their children for playing outdoor without adult supervision; and what restrictions, if any, they place on this and why. 9. (a) Will the participants be paid? NO(b) If yes, please give the amount: ?(c) If yes, please give full details of the reason for the payment and how the amount given in 9 (b) above has been calculated(i.e. what expenses and time lost is it intended to cover): 10. Are personal data to be obtained from any of the participants? YESIf yes, (a) please give details: (b) Participants age, gender and personal views on the topic will be required. (c) what steps will be taken to protect the confidentiality of the data? The information obtained from participants will be anonymized to stripped of direct identifiers. However, there could be limits of confidentiality in a case where the researcher feels the participant is at risk,( s)he has a duty to act and this has to be explain in the consent form and information sheet to indicate the limits of confidentiality.(c) state what will happen to the data once the research has been completed and the results written-up. The data collected will be destroyed after this research has been graded and passed. £ Are there any other matters or details which you consider relevant to the consideration of this ethics application? If so, please elaborate below: This research will enable the researcher to gain deeper understanding of the opportunities children are given to play outdoor independently and the factors that influence parents decision for their children to play outdoors. £ If your programme involves contact with children or vulnerable adults, either direct or indirect (including observational), please confirm that you have the relevant clearance from the Disclosure and Barring Service (previously known as the Criminal Records Bureau) prior to the commencement of the study. YES If yes, DBS number:001372402776 13. DECLARATIONI undertake to abide by accepted ethical principles and appropriate code(s) of practice in carrying out this research project.Personal data will be treated in the strictest confidence and not passed on to others without the written consent of the subject(s) involved in the research.The nature of the investigation and any possible risks will be fully explained to intending participants, and they will be informed that:(a) they are in no way obliged to volunteer if there is any personal reason (which they are under no obligation to divulge) why they should not participate in the project); and(b) they may withdraw from the programme at any time, without disadvantage to themselves and without being obliged to give any reason.NAME OF APPLICANT/RESEARCHER: Signature of applicant/researcher: _____________________ Date: NAME OF SUPERVISOR: Signature of supervisor: Date: NAME OF ONE OTHERACADEMIC TUTOR: Signature: Date:


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