ETHC 445 Final Exam

ETHC 445 Final Exam

1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed or assisted for the greater happiness of all concerned reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5) Aristotles Doctrine of the MeanKants Categorical Imperative (in the 2nd Formulation)Thomas Aquinass concept of conscienceRands concept of self-interestMills Principle of Utility2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of prudence? (Points : 5) Taking a traditional approach to problematic situationsChoosing behavior judiciously by consulting experienceTaking care to slow down decision makingAvoiding risksResisting impulsiveness3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is unwarranted assumptions. Unwarranted assumptions consist of what? (Points : 5) Preconceptions before ethical dilemmas are confrontedFailing to read carefully and with attention to detailTaking too much for grantedSpeculating apart from informationTreating case studies carelessly4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language used in ethical discussions is characterized by which of the following words? (Points : 5) Cannot be Could be Used to be Should beMust be5. (TCOs 7, 8) Each person ought to do whatever will best promote his or her own interests. (Points : 5) UtilitarianismKants Categorical ImperativeSocial Contract TheoryEthical EgoismGilligan6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) The right thing to do is to follow the rules that rational, self-interested people can agree to establish for their mutual benefit. This is a belief of what? (Points : 5) Ethical EgoismUtilitarianismKants Categorical ImperativeSocial Contract TheoryMarxism7. (TCOs 3, 6) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created through a congressional enabling act as a governmental agency to act on the concerns voiced by environmental ethicists. Their actions include all of the following except for which one? (Points : 5) Subpoena regulation offendersMonitor situations of environmental concernFine offendersSponsor new legislation on environmental issuesConfiscate property of offenders8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Where in our course does the following phrase apply: The only thing good without qualification is a good will? (Points : 5) Personal habits of excellence according to PlatoThe social contract according to LockeDeontological ethics according to MillNatural law ethics according to AquinasDeontological ethics according to Kant9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is organized and directed toward following the greatest happiness principle? (Points : 5) Natural ethics and lawJustice and mercyRights and responsibilitiesVirtue-ethics of excellencePrinciple of utility10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) What is the purpose of proving whether a syllogism of formal logic is valid? (Points : 5) To identify the connecting phrase therefore or a synonym of it before proceeding furtherTo determine whether the situation described is accurateTo determine whether the premises are true before continuingTo determine whether the conclusion proceeds from the premisesTo determine that there are only two premise statements in the syllogism11. (TCOs 1, 2) Solving a dilemma involves realizing what aspect of it? (Points : 5) You will never be satisfied that the right choice was madeSome choices of action are more realistic than othersIn deciding to choose one action, the other possible choices will be lostNot everybody involved will be happy with the choiceThere may be significant personal costs to choosing12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Where did Thomas Aquinas say that conscience originates? (Points : 5) Through the hard work of reasoningDirect gift from God in all cultures through natural lawAn a priori sourceBy observing the objects and actions of the worldAn empirical response of guilt for past actions13. (TCOs 2, 8) The single criterion for making decisions in utilitarian ethics is what? (Points : 5) The experience of pleasureAccounting for unintended consequencesFiduciary interests to be honoredThe amount of happiness producedThe principle to be honored14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5) The Social Contract theorist whose troubled childhood was most clearly reflected in his theories was who? (Points : 5) Thomas AquinasThomas JeffersonJean-Jacques RousseauThomas HobbesJohn Locke15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Kants concern that people choose to observe universal laws as their duty is expressed through what actions? (Points : 5) Their habitsTheir maximsTheir desiresTheir lovesTheir loyalties16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8) Personal development and discovery through the repetition of good acts and study of virtue characterizes what ethicist? (Points : 5) PlatoAristotleLutherAugustineSocrates17. (TCOs 2, 8) Professional codes of ethics and conduct provide what benefit for individuals who aspire to join the professions? (Points : 5) Scholarships of financial assistanceBackground checkingExamples of ethical violationsGuidance to professional schools of the examination requirements for licensingAssurance of employment and salary standards18. (TCOs 2, 7) Aristotles Ethical Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale that included the virtue itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of it. If the virtue is COURAGE and the deficiency is COWARDICE, what is the excess?(Points : 5) WisdomModerationThere is no excessRecklessnessLove19. (TCOs 8, 9) In personal or organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a leader or consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6? (Points : 5) Objectives of what winning the conflict means get refined and better understoodConflict management gets slowed down and settled.Conflict can be handled in a sequential, step-by-step manner ?Parties can be reconciled without solving the issuesPersonal relationships can be separated from issues20. (TCOs 1, 2) The Latin term a priori describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally, and the term a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and experience. What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an apostiori manner? (Points : 5) Social ethicsCare-based ethicsConsequentialist ethicsTheological ethicsOperational ethics


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