1. T F Some herbs may lower or raise blood pressure.2. T F Originally, the term herb only applied to woodyplants.3. T F Drugs made from fungi cure diseases and stop therejection of transplanted hearts and other organs.4. T F Chi represents the vital energy of the body flowingalong invisible energy channels.5. T F Astringent herbs neutralize excess acid in the stomach.6. T F Licensing presumes that an activity is forbidden until itis permitted through a license.7. T F Monocots are characterized by theircotyledon.8. T F Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study ofChinese Medicine9. T F Dandelions are of one of the most common medicinalherbs that live with us in our neighborhoods.10. T F Flavonoids aid in the bodys absorption and utilizationof Vitamin C.11. T F Good herbal medicine is an ongoing feedback process.12. T F Most algae have roots stems, leaves or flowers.13. T F Hippocrates categorized all foods and herbs, along thesesame lines, by fundamental qualities: hot, cold, dry, ordamp.14. T F Vitamins C and E, the minerals selenium and germanium,superoxide dismutase (SOD), and Coenzyme Q10 areall considered free radicals.15. T F A good fiber supplement can be used on a daily basisalong with a healthy diet to help maintain regularity16. T F The stomach is composed of multiple regions: cardiac,fundic, body and pyloric.17. T F Analgesic herbs help relieve pain.18. T F Epiphyte is a state of greatly reduced metabolismin which a plant or part of a plant is alive but notgrowing.19. T F Skullcap is bitter in taste and cooling in action. It calmsthe nerves.20. T F Connector nerve cells carry messages from the brainand spinal cord to the glands and muscles throughoutthe body.21. T F Pistil is the male organ of a flowering plant.22. T F Colon cancer is the #1 leading cancer killer in the UnitedStates today.23. T F Glands are groups of cells, or organs that producesecretions for use elsewhere in the body, or in a bodycavity or for elimination from the body.24. T F Liniment is a tea made from boiling plant material,usually the bark, rhizomes, roots or other woody partsin water.25. T F Fruits and berries should be harvested when ripe andnot yet squishy.26. T F The secretion of gastric juices is regulated by the neuraland hormonal systems.27. T F Ginseng is recommended for loss of appetite, insomnia,stress, exhaustion, environmental stress, concentration,overall health and recovery after illness.28. T F Without a clean blood supply, normal cell renewalcannot take place.29. T F The heart receives a dual blood supply from the hepaticartery and the portal vein, and is by far the mostimportant metabolic and detoxification organ.30. T F Cascara Sagrada is a safe herb to use during pregnancyfor constipation.31. T F Burdock root was traditionally used to treat cancer andcleanse the blood.32. T F Myrrh gum has a very pale light color, reflecting its NOTESmedicinal potency.33. T F Sap from the trees is usually collected in the spring as itrises.34. T F Antibiotics are medications that help the body fightinfection by neutralizing or destroying bacteria.35. T F L-Carnitine can help reduce fat and triglyceride levelsin the blood.36. T F Aloe Vera leaves are usually cut from 2-3 year oldplants.37. T F Cellulose is found in the inner layers of fruits andvegetables.38. T F Chelation Therapy is a natural way of cleansing thearteries of plaque build-up.39. T F Rosemary grows well in neutral to alkaline soil and infull sun.40. T F Experts believe there is a definite link between theability of the liver to detoxify and Parkinsons disease,Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Alzheimers disease, lupusand rheumatoid arthritis.41. T F Spirulina and chlorella are high in chlorophyll and workas effective detoxification aids and energy boosters.42. T F Candida albicans is a parasitic yeast-like fungus whichthrives in cold-blooded animals.43. T F Ephedra and Licorice are very effective in loweringblood pressure.44. T F Black Cohosh and Don Quai may be useful in thetreatment of menopause.45. T F Detoxification is the process of reducing the bodystoxic build-up of various poisonous substances.46. T F Candida can be sexually transmitted from one person toanother.47. T F Bromelain can be used with anticoagulant (bloodthinning) medicines.48. T F Feverfew is an effective remedy for migraineheadaches.49. T F Essential Fatty Acids can be manufactured by the bodyunder the right conditions.50. T F Boswellia Gum is often found in herbal arthritisremedies.51. T F Herbology utilizes the healing power of herbs tostimulate the bodys own healing ability.52. T F Studies have shown garlic extract and concentratedgarlic oil to have similar or better effects than severalpharmaceutical preparations with lower toxicity.53. T F Nephritis is a general term for inflammation of the liver,which causes the filtration system to break down.54. T F Hypoglycemia can cause or at least exacerbate ADD.55. T F Goldenseal can be an effective remedy for the commoncold and infections.56. T F Margarine is considered a polyunsaturated fat.57. T F Applied Kinesiology can determine health imbalances inthe bodys organs and glands by identifying weaknessesin specific muscles.58. T F Basil, Chamomile, Caraway, Catnip, and Cinnamon,are aromatic herbs.59. T F Selenium is a non-essential mineral involved primarilyin the neutralization of antioxidants.60. T F Infected tonsils can be treated with Echinacea,Honeysuckle flower, Elderberry, Forsythia fruit, Isatisroot, White sage, and Grapefruit Seed extract.61. T F Green tea can be a soothing bedtime drink for babiessuffering from insomnia.62. T F The base for most salves is a mixture of a wax and afixed oil.63. T F People with diabetes should carefully monitor theirblood glucose and may require reduction in standardanti-hyperglycemic agents when taking Milk Thistle.64. T F Haemostatic herbs help the nervous system, by NOTESstrengthening, relaxing or stimulating it.65. T F A hot foot bath should be of as high a temperature as canbe tolerated, so as to redden the skin of the immersedparts effectively.66. T F Ayurvedic Medicine categorizes herbs by looking atwhat kind of conditions can be treated with their help.67. T F St. Johns Wort should not be taken with prescriptionantidepressants or during pregnancy and lactation.68. T F A liniment is a topical preparation that containsalcohol or oil and stimulating, warming herbs such asCayenne.69. T F White flour is made by stripping the grain of virtuallyall nutrient: fiber, vitamins, minerals, essential oils andeven proteins to some extent.70. T F Circulatory disorders and heart disease can be treatedwith Hawthorn.71. T F Tonic herbs strengthen or invigorate organs or the entireorganism.72. T F The most suitable vessels for infusions are made oftinned iron or aluminum.73. T F Turmeric should be avoided by persons with symptomsfrom gallstones.74. T F Aloe Vera should be taken with Digoxin (a heartmedication.)75. T F Valerian may contribute to hyperactivity if mixed withbarbiturates.76. T F Glycerin is the sweet fraction of a fixed oil found in alltrue fats, except cholesterol.77. T F Cold infusions are made using 1 part herb to 5 partswater.78. T F Suppositories are a great way to administer herbs tochildren who cant take them orally.79. T F The absorption of Vitamin C is reduced by Aspirin.80. T F Potassium-depleting diuretics, including loop diuretics,cause the body to lose potassium.81. T F Licensing and certification are basically the same.82. T F Some herbs, like valerian root, are best macerated ratherthan infused or decocted.83. T F Wheat berries are whole grains that havent beenprocessed in any way.84. T F Syrups are made by combining refined sugar withinfusions or decoctions.85. T F Zinc combined with iron and Tetracycline antibioticsincreases the absorption of zinc (and visa versa).86. T F The goal of the herbalist is to release the volatile oils,flavones, antimicrobials, nutrients, aromatics and otherhealing substances an herb contains.87. T F By the time were three years old, we lose the requiredenzymes to digest dairy products, especially milk.88. T F Due to their high potassium content apples do notcombine with heart drugs well and can lead to dangerouspotassium build-up.89. T F Beeswax is added to ointments to get a firmconsistency.90. T F Grinding herbs in a domestic grinder generates heat,which can cause chemical changes in the herbs.91. T F Sugar consumption has not increased much in the past200 years.92. T F Wormwood is a uterine stimulant that may also causebirth defects.93. T F The term vinegar is derived from French, meaning sourwine.94. T F Tinctures are normally less concentrated than infusionsor decoctions.95. T F Compresses can be used to treat headaches, soremuscles, itchy skin and swollen glands.96. T F Drinking too much water will lead to water retention. NOTES97. T F Vegans should include a regular source of vitamin B-12in their diets along with a source of vitamin D if sunexposure is limited.98. T F A poultice will draw impurities from the body.99. T F Steam inhalants are not recommended for conditionssuch as asthma, colds, and sinusitis.100. T F Pharmacokinetic interactions refer to changes that occuras medicines move in and out of the body.Write the correct answeron the answer sheet provided1. _______ is a parasitic yeast-like fungus which thrives in warmbloodedanimals.A Candida AlbicansB AcidophilusC Whipworm2. Spermatophytes are seed producing:A MushroomsB PlantsC Male animals3. Ibuprofen may cause ________ and water retention.A SodiumB IronC Potassium4. The ________ is responsible for such vital functions as: regulatingblood sugar, energy production as well as hormone productionand regulation.A GallbladderB LiverC Heart5. Herbs that stimulate uterine contractions in order to inducelabor are called:A RubefacientB StimulantC Parturients6. The single biggest source of refined sugars in the American dietcome from:A Carbonated drinksB Candy barsC Donuts7. Diuretic herbs increase the secretion and elimination of:A MucousB UrineC Feces8. An herb that has a normalizing effect by correcting whatever iswrong within the body is called an:A AdaptogenB EmollientC Diuretic9. ______ contains a chemical which protects the body fromradiation exposure and heavy metal toxicity.A KelpB PhenolC Fluoride10. Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called:A VeinsB Varicose veinsC Arteries11. The Chinese add garlic, onion, or ______ to oils before cookingmeats to reduce toxicity.A FeverfewB GingerC Lemon juice12. Agents that block or slow oxidation, which produce free radicalsare called :A AntioxidantsB AntiviralC Antiseptic13. ____________ is one of the most important heart tonics inAyurvedic Medicine, used to treat all forms of heart disease.A AshwagandhaB Astralagus RootC Arjuna Bark14. The process to extract the soluble constituents of a plant withthe assistance of gravity is called:A InfusionB PercolationC Decoction15. ________ are the least perishable portion of the plant.A RootsB SeedsC Barks16. ___________ mostly effects people of European decent.A Celiac DiseaseB Lactose intoleranceC Cancer17. _____ are found in dark yet luminous blue, black red andviolet fruits and vegetables.A CarotenoidsB FlavonoidsC Chlorophyll18. If the label says ________, the preparation contains alcohol.A SalveB TinctureC Tea19. The drug Clofibrate, has been reported to reduce the absorptionof Vitamin:A B12B CC E20. The correlation between _____ intake and vision has beenknown for a long time.A CalciumB Vitamin KC Vitamin A21. ______ is not a single disease but rather a family of diseasecharacterized by abnormal cell growth.A ArthritisB CancerC Diabetes22. During the ______ society saw the first two-tier health systememerge: herbs for the poor and exotics (plant, animal or mineralextracts) and drugs for the rich.A 1600sB 1900sC 1500s23. Black Cohosh, Blue Cohosh, Cramp Bark, and False Unicornroot are classified as:A StimulantsB LaxativesC Emmenagogues24. A ________ is a water-based mixture that is applied to theskin as a cooling or soothing remedy to relieve irritation orinflammation.A LotionB TeaC Syrup25. In addition to its selective solvent properties, ________paralyzes enzymes, and at the same time prevents the growthof yeast, molds, other fungi and most bacteria.A Olive OilB AlcoholC Sugar26. Alterative herbs (E.g. Burdock, Red Clover) are known as:A Blood PurifiersB LaxativesC Diuretics27. ____, the author of the English Physician, was an enormouslyinfluential English herbalist.A HippocratesB CulpeperC Withering28. Wild Yam can interact with the following drug:A TylenolB No known drug interactionsC Codeine29. ______are one of the largest and most commonly foundparasites in humans.A RoundwormsB HookwormsC Pinworms30. Most ____ can irritate the skin and should be diluted beforeusing for massage.A CreamsB LotionsC Essential oils31. In ______ John Gerard, an English Master-surgeon publishedhis vast herbal, one of the first to contain any original materialsince Galen.A 1597B 1623C 175832. _______ stimulates the circulation, lymphatic system, andmucous membranes.A Poria MushroomB Prickly Ash BarkC Long Pepper33. The _______ system is the communication network of thebody.A ImmuneB CirculatoryC Nervous34. Calcium, combined with ____may contribute to a higher riskof hypercalcaemia.A DiureticsB Pain KillersC Antidepressants35. ____ oil is one of natures richest vegetable sources of Omega3 fatty acids.A OliveB CanolaC Flaxseed36. ______ help produce movement by pulling the bone into a new NOTESposition.A MusclesB TendonsC Arteries37. ________ is a well known reliable remedy for migraineheadaches.A GarlicB FeverfewC Milk Thistle38. Aloe Vera should not be taken with Digoxin because thecombination may contribute to dangerously low _______levels.A PotassiumB SodiumC Calcium39. The ________ system consists of the heart and blood vessels.A ImmuneB NervousC Circulatory40. ______ are chemicals produced in one part of the body thathave an effect on another part of the system.A GlandsB HormonesC Cells41. _____________ is safe and effective for chronic skinconditions.A Red CloverB HawthornC Eclipta42. ______ are an infusion of medicinal or culinary herbs in afixed oil menstruum.A Oil infusionsB Vinegar infusionsC Wine infusions43. The random mixing together of herbs was dubbed ______ byEclectic physicians of the last century, who looked down on itas an ill-conceived practice.A DecoctionB SpecializationC Polypharmacy44. Essential or volatile oils are complex concentrated chemicalsdistilled from:A PlantsB OilsC Chemicals45. Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study of healthin:A Traditional Chinese MedicineB Native American MedicineC Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine46. According to TCM, when the ____ is strong the body is energetic,warm and powerful.A YinB YangC Qi47. Plant _____ are catalytic proteins that make possible manycomplex chemical reactions in the body.A PolyphenolsB PolysaccharidesC Enzymes48. ____ is a classic nutritive tonic herb, rich in chlorophyll,protein, calcium, trace minerals, folic acid, and vitamins B6,E, and K.A Aloe VeraB AlfalfaC Ginseng49. Castor Oil is used externally to stimulate movement andelimination in the lymphatic system, and internally as a_____.A LaxativeB Appetite suppressantC Stimulant50. _______ is a true liver tonic, useful for treating numerous liverand gallbladder conditions, including hepatitis and cirrhosis.A TurmericB Milk ThistleC OreganoFill in the blanks(write the missing word or words on the answer sheet)1. In a test of oregano, mint, basil, sage, and coriander essential oilsfor activity against yeast and fungi, __________ proved to be thestrongest, inhibiting the yeast broth completely at 1,000 parts permillion.2. The ___________ is the reproductive unit of some plants(angiosperms).3. Herbs that gradually restore proper function to the body by increasinghealth and vitality are called ______________.4. ___________ diseases tend to be external, excessive, hot, and dryin nature.5. The ____________is the main supporting axis of a flowering plant.6. People with allergies to plants of the Asteraceae family (ragweed,chrysanthemum, and aster) should avoid the use of ____________.7. ___________disease tend to be internal, deficient, cold and dampin nature.8. ___________was the first to compose an herbal in the Westernworld.9. ___________can be used externally, for muscular tension, andosteoarthritis; Internally, for gastrointestinal disorders, fever,diabetic neuropathy, circulation and shingles.10. Anthelminitic herbs destroy or expel intestinal ____________.11. ___________, or seed plants, are some of the most importantorganisms on Earth.12. The four main herbs that make up Essiac are Burdock Root, ElmInner Bark, Sorrel, and____________.13. ___________believe that the eye markings can actually reveal acomplete history of past illnesses as well as previous treatment.14. ___________is defined primarily as the use of muscle testing toidentify imbalances in the bodys structural, chemical, emotionalor other energy, to establish the bodys priority healing needs.15. ____________herbs strengthen, stimulate or tone the stomach.16. The upper surface of the tongue contains a small collection of cellscalled ____________.17. A plant capable of adapting itself to growing either in shallow wateror in saturated soil is called a ____________.18. One of the earliest Materia Medica was the ____________, writtenby Diocles of Caryotos, a pupil of Aristotle.19. The largest bone in the human body is the thighbone and called the____________.20. ___________is the foundation of all herbal medicine treatments,since herbs themselves are simply specialized food sources.21. The ____________is a temporary blood store that fills up withblood in preparation for delivery to the ventricle.22. Expectorant herbs help expel excess _________from the lungs andthe respiratory passages.23. The parent plant from which all subsequent stock of a particularvariety, clone, cultivar or strain have been derived is called the____________.24. Eight of the twenty-two known ____________ are consideredessential, and must be obtained from dietary sources becausethey cannot be synthesized by the body.25. Herbs that stimulates the expulsion of gas from the gastrointestinaltract are called ____________.26. The most abundant mineral in the body is ____________.27. Chelation Therapy uses ____________to carry out heavy metalslike lead, cadmium, and arsenic, as well as other foreign substances,from the body.28. Deficiency of ____________(an essential mineral found in allbody tissues) leads to a variety of abnormalities, including anemia,skeletal defects, degeneration of the nervous system, reproductivefailure, pronounced cardiovascular lesions, elevated bloodcholesterol, impaired immunity and defects in the pigmentationand structure of hair.29. The liver, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and lymphatic system areinterrelated in the _________ systems normal function.30. Herbs that stimulate the secretion of saliva from the salivary glandsare called _________ .31. ________ is considered the worlds most expensive herb byweight.32. ________ is a favorite culinary herb and source of thymol, apotent antiseptic used in oral hygiene products.33. ________ is the use of essential oils in massage, inhalations, baths,natural room fragrances and perfumes to maintain and improvehealth and vitality.34. ________ are prepared by steeping the herb in water at roomtemperature for 12 hours, then strain or press.35. The _________ Flower Remedies were devised in the 1930s byDr. Edward _________ , a practicing homeopath.36. The use of the herb _________ in the treatment of heart diseasewas developed by William Withering, an English physician in the1700s.37. ________ are made by soaking a clean cloth in an infusion,decoction or diluted tincture.38. People taking thyroid medication should not consume _________products within 3 hours of taking their medication.39. The _________ are the most diverse group of algae, with morethan 7000 species growing in a variety of habitats.40. ________ consists of a pulp or paste made by heating choppedfresh, dried, or powdered herbs with a little water.41. The part of the fungus that we see is only the _________ of theorganism.42. ________ plants have specialized vascular tissue consisting of aseries of tubes for transporting fluids.43. ________ is well known for its antibacterial, antiseptic andwound-healing properties, as well as its calming effect when usedas an aromatherapy.44. A _________ (word derived from the ancient language of lunarastrology) is the solvent used to make extracts.45. ________ is well known in both homeopathy and herbology forthe treatment of sprains and bruises when the skin is not broken.46. ________ , (though not an herb) is a natural antibiotic that is veryeffective for both internal and external use. It has been shown tokill germs, viruses, yeast, mold, fungus and parasites and should beincluded in every homes natural first aid kit.47. ________ are characterized by helically arranged simple leaves,usually with a single vein, called microphylls.48. ________ are employed to deliver herbs directly to rectal mucousmembranes, which readily absorb them into the bloodstream.49. The term _________ (in relation to herbs) signifies that the planthas grown wild in nature without human intervention and ideallyhas been consciously harvested from unpolluted areas with fullregard for the plant communities and care for ecological balance.50. Digoxin is a drug originally derived from the _________ plant.