Human Resource Management of Job Stress

Human Resource Management of Job Stress

To begin this assignment, let us look into the meaning of the sentence “job stress”. Job is the word to describe something that has to be done; a task: an undertaking requiring unusual exertion; a specific duty, role, or function: a regular remunerative position. Stress is defined as a dynamic condition consisting of a unique set of emotional, intellectual and physiological responses to a stimulus. This stimulus, or stressor as it is commonly called, can be a constraint, a demand, or even an opportunity, which is perceived, be an individual to have a potentially important, though uncertain, outcome. Occupational stress is the sum of all factors in a work place, which elicit a stress response in an individual. It has been further defined as a perceived imbalance between occupational demands and the individual’s ability to perform when the consequences of failure are thought to be important. It has long been suspected that persons experiencing high levels of stress develop a group of psychological and physical disorders. Recent research in this area has reinforced this perception and begun to identify the specific stressful situations that produce the effects. Mental disorders documented to be associated with “job stress” include anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders, maladaptive behavioral and life-style patterns, chemical dependencies, alcohol abuse, and sleep disorders. Stress, as well, has been associated with hyperacidity and peptic ulcer formation as well as other pathological gastrointestinal conditions. Exacerbation of respiratory disorders, such as asthma, has long been associated with stress. A relationship recently confirmed by laboratory evaluation. High psychological job demands combined with low work control has recently been shown be researchers to affect smoking habits. Specifically, they found that individuals in higher strain jobs smoked more heavily than those in lower strain job categories. …


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