In order for presidents to move most of their politics forward, Congress must pass the requisites authorization and, in many cases, appropriations.

In order for presidents to move most of their politics forward, Congress must pass the requisites authorization and, in many cases, appropriations.

The President and Congress In order for presidents to move most of their politics forward, Congress must pass the requisites authorization and, in many cases, appropriations. Some policies can be achieved through executive actions, such as executive agreements and executive orders, and others can be achieved through administrative action within the executive departments. Policy department and implementation can also be achieved, to some degree, by fostering a supportive environment in the executive departments by choosing senior political staff that is loyal to presidential objectives. Yet most policies must have congressional authorization and funding in order to move forward. President needs to build bridges to congress. President Lyndon Johnson, have been highly skilled at working with congress and have achieved strong legislative records. Other presidents have been uncomfortable with the personal interaction necessary to gain legislative support for their legislative priorities. Presidents who have been successful at dealing with congress have had a combination of strong interpersonal skills, an understanding of how Congress works, experience White House Legislative liaison staffs, and clear policy proposals. Farmers carefully structured a government in which both president and congress were involved in creating the laws of the land. Congress had the primary authority to forge the nations policy agenda and to pass the necessary laws to implement the agenda, which is the congressional government. Roosevelt’s proposal were designed to bring the nation out the Great Depression in the 1930’s by using government programs as a tool for economic recovery. Roosevelt’s activism with congress in the policy process began a new era in executive-legislative relations know as the era of Presidential government. Congress and the president initiate policy initiatives for deliberation in the legislative process. Although the pr…


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