In what ways did WWI

In what ways did WWI

What happened in Britain, Germany and Belgium when war broke? How were the civilian population affected? What happened with men? What happened with women? What effect did the war had on these countries? One of the main things that influenced people when the war started was propaganda. In Germany the press was not free and people couldn’t question that they were fighting a defensive war. They also had Hate Campaign, which was against Britain, and its main function was to divert attention when Germans were questioning their war aims. In Britain newspapers were censored from 1915 on, there were very strict rules about this, for example no photographs that showed a dead British soldier could be published, and major battle casualty lists were sometimes not made public for weeks. Letters from soldiers were censored too; this was probably to give people a cheerful idea of how life was at the front. The British government printed pamphlets, posters, newspaper reports and advertisement that gave the impression that a soldier’s life was heroic, adventurous and romantic, and to persuade people to eat less, buy less, join up, do voluntary work, etc. Most of this propaganda was to persuade men, parents, wives and girlfriends that war was worthwhile and that it was a great adventure rather than a dreadful reality. In Britain there was also anti-German propaganda, which included a few things that were true, but most of them weren’t. Basically it said that Germany was evil and that Britain would beat Germany. What made propaganda so effective was that it didn’t show what was really happening in the fighting fronts, so neither the new soldiers nor their families knew the horrors of war that were awaiting them, and people didn’t know how accurate the newspaper reports and pamphlets were. Food shortages affected these countries during the war, in Belgium they happened because even if the Belgians tried to buy food from neu…


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