DRAFT DUE: Thursday, Jan 28. Midnight FINAL VERSION:TASK: Explain the technical details of some engineering-related topic (event, technol- ogy, method or practice, type of engineering.) It can be from the past, present or future. Your goal is to make the topic understandable to someone who does not have your level of expertise. Think about the entities, activities, and interactions you are describing.Draft Due: Thursday, Jan 28, by Midnight, by email or hardcopy. Final Version: Thursday, Feb 18, by Midnight, by email or hardcopy.1- Background to this Assignment.The objective of this assignment is to provide an explanation of some technical engi- neering topic.Explanation is an enormously important aspect of being a professional, responsible engineer because As Einstein said, if you cannot explain something simply then you do not under- stand it. A competent engineer has an obligation to understand the systems or projects they work on. Therefore, a competent engineer should be able to explain simply. Problem solving is the primary task of engineering. Explanation and problem solving are closely connected. Grand challenges have a large number of stakeholders. Engineers have an obli- gation to stakeholders to help them understand the best solutions and why they are best. This means being able to explain in terms accessible to a variety of stakeholders, having a variety of expertises.1For this assignment you only need to think about the technical / engineering details of your topic, and how you would communicate or explain those details to an engineer with a different sort of expertise (or even a non-engineering person.)You are responsible, in other words, for gaining an adequate understanding of the topic according to your expertise, and also for your ability to communicate that understand- ing. A good strategy would be to choose a topic you already feel competent in.THIS IS NOT AN ETHICS ASSIGNMENT! DO NOT TALK ABOUT WHAT IS RIGHT OR WRONG. You can talk about how your topic is a solution to a particular problem, but not whether this represents a good or bad solution, or a good or bad problem. That s for the NEXT assignment.If you recall the explanation exercise we did in class, one could go on for hours explain- ing even the simplest device if every little step needs to be broken down into further steps. You re trying to tell a story here. Stick to the important details and make sure that they are understood. You need to think about, therefore, which of the details are important (and why).2 About selecting a topicYour scope is pretty wide open here . . . which is both a blessing and a curse. Begin by picking out something you re interested in, or at least which you are willing to invest some time in understanding. It has to have some connection with engineering, but it doesn t have to be an obvious or straightforward one. It can be a new technology, it can be a past disaster. It can be the difference between engineering and science, or between two branches of engineering. It can be about engineering training or education. It can be about whistle-blowers, or women in engineering, or government versus private funding of research and development. It can be about space-travel, alternative energy, robotics, genetic engineering, information privacy, encryption, new batteries, drones or self-driving cars, etc. etc. etc.THIS IS ABSOLUTELY THE MOST IMPORTANT POINT: when choosing your topic DO NOT (do not do not do not!) start out by trying to find something with lots of obvious ethical issues. Firstly, you cannot deal with lots of issues in your A2 argument you won t have the time or the space (or the ability, frankly) to treat much more than one central issue with adequate care and depth. Secondly, this is to miss the main point of the course: every single design decision you make (nearly) as an engineer involves ethics because it requires a value judgement, a choice between more than one alternative, and reasoning about the relative merits of those alternatives. The ethics I want you to discover in your topic is not immediately obvious.What you SHOULD do is focus on the technical side of the engineering. Choose a topic that interests you as an engineer. Trying to strategically pick a topic which you think2will be easy to treat ethically will backfire and lead you in to a huge, unmanageable ethical mess.Having said that, if there really is some specific ethical topic you want to explore, that s certainly possible. Talk to me about it before you get too far.If you re unsure about your topic, or you have an interest but you don t know how to turn that into a topic, please talk with me.3 Specific InstructionsYour A1 should be at least one full page (or 500 words, single spaced, 12pt font, stan- dard margins.) How much you should say will depend on your topic and how complex your explanation needs to be. Think of the explanation assignment you did in class. (Even very common, seemingly simple objects, can have very involved explanations once you start taking them apart .)See the rubric for a better sense of what you should be aiming to achieve, so you now how much you have to write to get that job done.Format of this assignment is up to you. I read them only as text, unless there s a diagram which is key to your explanation.Submit on Blackboard.4 The gradeYour grade on this assignment will be based primarily on how much effort you ve put in to understanding and explaining the details of your topic.With respect to the details you ve given, are they clearly explained, with no gaps in information or reasoning? Are the details themselves all relevant to understanding the topic? Or are there any relevant details left out?The only way to know how well you ve done is to read and re-read your answer. Try to detect whether there are obvious questions which someone else reading it would ask.Grammatical errors, typos, incomplete sentences or thoughts, are all especially dam- aging to your communication of the details, and indicate a lack of care and effort. You will need to proof-read a number of times. Especially important is to read your answer again after a gap of at least a day or two. This will give you fresh eyes and make it easier for you to spot the things another reader would spot. Even better is if you can3get someone else to read it and tell you what they don t understand.4.1 Grading rubricThe mark for this assignment is out of 10. The objectives are give a clear and thoughtful explanation of your topic identify the important details and communicate them in a way which can be clearly understood (by someone who is a college student, with some science or math background, but not necessarily an engineering major.) break a major task down in to smaller steps; stay on task in one step (edit details, focus on relevant information.)THE RUBRIC10 7 965 < 4Excellent work. Clear explanations, all and only information relevant to the assignment.Good to Very good work. Some unclear explanations, missing de- tails; or information / discussion not relevant to this stage of the as- signment.Satisfactory. Some attempt made to explain, but lack of clarity; most relevant details lacking or confused.Barely adequate. Minimum effort made.Unsatisfactory. Completely missed the point.5 The DraftYou should aim, in your draft, to satisfy the same goals as the final version. However, the point of the draft is that this is a learning process.