The Constitution distributes all the powers of the central government between the president, vice president, and advisors between the Senate and the

The Constitution distributes all the powers of the central government between the president, vice president, and advisors between the Senate and the

The Constitution distributes all the powers of the central governmentbetween the president, vice president, and advisorsbetween the Senate and the House of Representativesbetween Congress, the president, and the courtsamong the Supreme Court, president, and state courtsQuestion 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.02 MC) When lawmakers compare multiple potential public policy solutions, theyfocus on minimizing costs while maximizing the benefitsby law are required to choose the least-expensive solutionrequire unanimous approval before selecting one to pursuewill choose the most costly solution to maximize the budgetQuestion 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 LC) Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Courtprevent legislation from proceedingrequire federal legislation changesmay be appealed to a higher courtare final and may not be appealedQuestion 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.03 MC) The proposed Constitution divides the powers of government equally between the central government and the state governments.Which of the following best describes this quote?It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a strong centralized government.It represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a weak centralized government.It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a strong central government.It represents the perspective of a Anti-Federalist, arguing for a weak central government.Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) ? 2012 FLVSPeople involved in cases that are accepted by the U.S. Supreme Courtmust travel to the U.S. Court of Appeals for their circuitmust travel to Washington D.C. to present their casespresent their cases in the closest U.S. Circuit Courtpresent their cases in the state court of last resortQuestion 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) The purpose of the length of the term for a U.S. Supreme Court justice is toencourage decisions based on the will of the majority of the peoplediscourage consultation with judges who serve in other court levelsrequire consultation with the executive and legislature on major casesprevent decisions based on the pressures of maintaining elected officeQuestion 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) Which foreign policy position is reflected in the working relationship between the United States and Mexico to fight the illegal drug trade?imperialismisolationisminterventionisminternationalismQuestion 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 3.06 MC) ? 2012 FLVSAccording to this map depicting the results of the 2000 election, winning theSouth and midwest electoral college votes allowed Bush to winstates with the three most electoral college votes enabled Bush to winstates with the most electoral college votes enabled Gore to winEast and West Coast electoral college votes enabled Gore to winQuestion 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.02 MC) ARTICLE IIEach state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.Articles of ConfederationWhich of the following principles of American democracy does this quote best represent?social contractnatural rightsfederalismrule of lawQuestion 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 01.02 MC) The purpose of the naturalization process is to provide a means forlaw enforcement to identify non-citizens illegally living and working in the countrynon-citizens to become legal citizens with all related rights and responsibilitiescitizens by birth to establish citizenship for their children born elsewhereillegal aliens to receive permission to work in the country temporarilyQuestion 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC) ? 2012 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0Which of the following makes a true statement about the relationship between GDP and democratization?GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia.GDP and democratization tend to rise and fall together. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia.As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North America to have lower levels of democracy than those of Asia.As GDP decreases, democratization tends to increase, and vice versa. You would expect most countries in North American to have greater levels of democracy than those of Asia.Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) In contrast with other federal officials, a judgehas set term limits for time in officemeets the president to discuss casesdoes not base decisions on majority willaccepts advice from special interest groupsQuestion 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) Sue and Tim are arguing about the value of appointing rather than electing federal judges. Sue says the judges should be elected. Which of the following statements supports her position?Judges in most federal court positions are elected so it should be the same way at the state and local level as well.Judges are representatives of the people in government just like other officials and should represent majority will.Judges who are elected will make their decisions in isolation from peoples opinion and perform better as a result.Judges that consult with other federal officials on the will of the people do not consider the law in their decisions.Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 MC) ? 2012 FLVSAccording to this map, which of the following countries is most likely to have policies and regulations related to the production and consumption of coal?GuatemalaMadagascarSaudi ArabiaUnited StatesQuestion 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.01 MC) Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of limited government in the Declaration of Independence?For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury.He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected.A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.All men?¦are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.01 MC) The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.Declaration of IndependenceThe injuries and usurpations described in this quote are the colonistsproof that the king violated the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rightsdescriptions of actions that follow the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rightsreasons they should have representation in Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rightsarguments for why they would rather not separate from Britain under the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rightsQuestion 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.03 LC) A bureaucratic organization that functions mostly without executive or legislative control is known asan independent regulatory agencyan executive cabinet departmenta federal regulation commissiona legislative cabinet sectionQuestion 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.05 MC) Which of the following best explains why people do not have unlimited First Amendment rights?It is inappropriate to criticize or condemn elected government officials.Leaders worth following would be drowned out by meaningless speech.Certain types of speech could infringe on others rights or public safety.The government would be ineffective, weighed down by citizen requests.Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)(Citizenship 02.05 HC) The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.Which of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above?a person sues the state for building an armory on nearby propertya person refuses to serve the military when called up through a drafta person shoots and kills someone who broke into the familys homea person rejects police requests to unlock the car doors and windowsQuestion 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 01.01 LC) The idea of the social contract is that a government is only legitimate if it haslimited rights for the governedrestrictions on democracyconsent of the governedindirect democracyQuestion 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 01.01 LC) In an indirect democracy, major laws and rules are made bymajority vote of the peoplethe top executive officialelected representativesstate-level executivesQuestion 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) ? 2012 FLVSAccording to this graph, eligible voters are most likely to vote inmidterm elections, and their turnout has increased in the last electionmidterm elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last electionpresidential elections, and their turnout has increased in the last electionpresidential elections, and their turnout has decreased in the last electionQuestion 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) Which of the following cases ruled that segregation laws were acceptable and was later overturned through court decisions and legislation?Texas v. JohnsonPlessy v. FergusonGideon v. WainwrightBrown v. Board of EducationQuestion 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.04 MC) Setting up courts is an example ofa concurrent powera delegated poweran exclusive poweran inherent powerQuestion 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) The minority opinion of a decided caseis the official explanation for the final ruling that will apply to the caseis unnecessary unless the power of judicial review has been employedexpresses the justification for a dissenting opinion of one or more judgessupports the ruling of the majority but rationalizes it with different reasonsQuestion 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.02 MC) One purpose of the process of judicial review is toensure that federal court judges have proper qualificationsforce court judges to justify case decisions in written formpreserve the intentions of the framers of the Constitutionmonitor changes in society occurring through new lawsQuestion 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.04 MC) The 14th amendment has continued to extend civil liberties because thestate governments have used their own amendment processes to add its language to their state constitutionsstate governments have used the powers of legislation and policy making to circumvent the rights of citizenscourts and lawmakers continue to further refine and restrict the definitions of legal citizenship and residencycourts have interpreted it in many cases to mean that state governments must also guarantee certain rightsQuestion 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.02 MC) The U.S. Constitution is based on several principles of American democracy. Is the principle separation of powers among those evident in the document?No, it is absent because the president determines the power and authority of the people.Yes, it is reflected because the amendments list the powers given to the individual people.No, it is missing because government power is concentrated in one branch of government.Yes, it is shown because the first three articles describe the three branches of government.Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points)(Policy and Elections 03.05 HC) Our aim is a democratic peace, a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman.?President Bush, 2004 State of the Union The image below represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase speak softly and carry a big stick.Which of the following is a valid statement about the artists judgment in the image compared to the quote? Address? 2012 Jupiterimages CorporationPresident Roosevelt was a much tougher leader than President Bush, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.President Bush was a much tougher leader than President Roosevelt, who clearly was unwilling to go to war.President Roosevelt was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Bush would not.President Bush was willing to trample on human rights to win wars, while President Roosevelt would not.Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.05 LC) A country with a government described as an oligarchy wouldbe run by a small group of leaders with similar political viewsconduct regular elections to select representative officialshave a single ruler who may be a monarch or dictatordetermine its policies with significant citizen inputQuestion 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.03 MC) Which of the following quotes from the U.S. Constitution describes the requirements to be president?a natural born Citizen, have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United Stateshave attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosenhave attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosenchosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State LegislatureQuestion 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.03 MC) In republican government, the legislative authority necessarily predominates. The remedy for this inconveniency is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them, by different modes of election and different principles of action, as little connected with each other as the nature of their common functions and their common dependence on the society will admit.Federalist No. 51Which of the following elements of the Constitution is the author defending in this quote?creating a federal system of government where states and federal government share power and responsibilitysplitting Congress into the Senate and House of Representatives with different structures and functionsdetermining the process of electing the president to be through a vote of all members of the legislative branchproviding ways for the executive branch and Supreme Court to check the legislative branchs powers and actionsQuestion 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.06 MC) Public DomainWhich of the following is a reasonable conclusion based on the map?Most states in the Northeast and Midwest decreased in total population, losing representatives.Most Northeastern and Midwestern states decreased as a portion of the total national population.Most states in the Northeast and Midwest increased in total population, gaining representatives.Most Northeastern and Midwestern states increased as a portion of the total national population.Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.05 MC) Which of the following is a true statement related to changes in the American media?As the types of media increase, the information and opportunities for influencing politics increase.As the types of media decrease, the information and opportunities for influencing politics increase.As the types of media increase, the information and opportunities for influencing politics decrease.As the types of media decrease, the information and opportunities for influencing politics decrease.Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.05 MC) You watch a criminal trial on television where the suspect never takes the stand in defense. Suspects have that right under theFirst AmendmentFourth AmendmentFifth AmendmentSeventh AmendmentQuestion 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 01.01 LC) Which of the following is an example of government affecting citizens daily lives?Andy forgets to complete his chores.Sarah has an argument with her boss.Julie gets a speeding ticket from police.Robb volunteers to tutor young students.Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.06 MC) Events such as the Nanking Massacre and Japanese-American internmentrights heightened concerns regarding the continuation of human rights abuses by developed nationssolidified a countrys right to act to protect its own securitydemonstrated regard for the protection of human rightscaused little concern as they were considered isolated incidentsQuestion 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) Which of the following is true about responsibility in the U.S. Court system?State courts handle most criminal and civil trials, whereas federal courts address constitutional law and appeals from state courts of last resort.State courts handle constitutional law, but only the federal courts can make new laws based on their interpretations.State courts handle appeals from the federal district courts, and federal district courts handle appeals from state courts as a check on the power of the courts.State courts handle local trial courts and most cases though the federal court has authority to select certain cases to hear.Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Courts and Civil Liberties 04.01 MC) Which of the following types of cases would have to begin in a state-level court?disputes over interpretation of the Constitutiondisputes related to federal officials while in officedisputes arising from accidental damage to propertydisputes that arise from laws that govern immigrationQuestion 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 02.04 LC) A concurrent power isexpressed to national and state governmentsimplied to belong only to state governmentsreserved only to the national governmentshared by national and state governmentsQuestion 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) What happens if the Senate and House of Representatives pass two different bills on the same topic?Congress will meet with the president to agree on one or the other bill.The conference committee will meet and resolve the bills differences.The Senate version of the bill will take precedence and go to the president.Advisors to the president will meet with the sponsors of the proposed bills.Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.01 MC) What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?It can override the veto by requiring ratification by three-fourths of the states.It can override the veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress.It can appeal the veto to the Supreme Court who can rule the bill into law.It can request that the president conduct a second review of the bill.Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Citizenship 01.02 LC) A jus soli citizen wasgiven status by blood relationborn on the countrys territoryadopted from a foreign countrynaturalized through that processQuestion 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) One way individuals can increase their individual influence on public policy is tovolunteer to work at the polls and record votes for an electionattend meetings of local government councils and committeesbecome an active member of a political party or interest groupfollow the laws and report those who violate them to authoritiesQuestion 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.04 MC) Andres made an appointment to meet with a representative from his district. He wants to request funding on behalf of a local parents and students group to build a baseball field at the county park. Andres acted as a lobbyist for aspecial interest grouplabor unionpolitical action committeepolitical partyQuestion 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)(Policy and Elections 03.05 MC) ? 2012 Jupiterimages CorporationThis image represents Theodore Roosevelt, president from 1901 to 1909, known for the phrase speak softly and carry a big stick. Which of the following is a valid evaluation of the artists political message?The artist omits a name on the person to disguise that the image is an attack on the presidents policies.The artist uses a dove to appeal to peoples sense of justice and peace to say that the president is a bully.The artist has a bias for the president and shows that he is tough on enemies that would attack the country.The artist expresses the presidents enjoyment of bird hunting when he is on vacation from his official duties.


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