Purpose: To be able to critically analyse various organisational forms whilst contextualising the theoretical knowledge and distinguishing the global causes shaping local structures.
Learning outcome/s being assessed:
1. Critically evaluate important management concepts.
2. Apply and critique major theoretical approaches to contemporary management and organisations.
3. Demonstrate the value of management research and its implications for practice.
4. Apply management knowledge to diverse organisational settings.
Instructions: Please choose two local forms of organising in the Aotearoa New Zealand context from the list below and compare and contrast them in terms of ‘authority relations’. In your discussion please consider how local aspects and market relations have influence over authority relations.
• Cooperative organising
• Public organising
Marking will be based on the following:
Content: The quality and depth of theoretical discussion and analysis about (1) authority relations specific to the organisational forms (2) local aspects and market relations shaping these authority relations [70/100]
Structure: Fit with the essay structure; well organised paragraphs; and clear flow of discussion. [20/100]
Style: Proper and understandable sentences; use of relevant and scholarly material; typos and etc. [10/100]
In this assessment the main purpose is to analyse two local forms of organising by using an analytical framework to compare and contrast their characteristics and other forces shaping their authority relations. Your way of analysis is crucial and as marking team we will look at how you justify your claims, provide the links between relevant concepts and do a convincing discussion. In addition to learning outcomes given above, this assignment aims to help you gain a perspective on diversity of organisational forms and how they are structured in response to local dynamics and market relations. The analytical framework is a useful tool to understand the reciprocal relations between the organisational forms and broader set of relations. The overall positioning of the paper as well as the discussions and concepts we referred to in previous modules will be helpful to frame your argumentation in this assignment.
The analytical framework which we call authority relations is based on understanding how organization of social, economic and power relations in a society shapes economic, political and ideological assumptions in the given organisational form. It can be argued these are entry points to delve into organisational analysis and clarify the relevant structures, processes and actors embedded into the given organisational form. These aspects intertwine and act concurrently while shaping each other. It can be argued these positions are not fixed and always in the form of shifting and moving considering the ongoing changes and economic transformations in a society. As we already talked in the class, it has three inter-related aspects:
Economic aspect: Referred as ownership and property. This aspect argues how/to whom the economic value returns in relation to ownership and property, how it is organised. In other words, it is the organisation (e.g. production, distribution, concentration, exchange) of surplus labour.
Political aspect: Referred as political power and decision-making. This aspect sheds light on who is in charge of decision-making processes, who puts the rules and how the political processes are structured in the given organisational form. In other words, it is the organisation (e.g. distribution, concentration, elaboration) of power.
Ideological aspect: Can be referred as the symbolic or the meaning. With this aspect, the analysis focuses on the driving assumptions, values and norms of the organisational form.
How to write compare and contrast type essay
This essay asks you to write about similarities and differences of two local organising forms in terms of their authority relations and analyse how local aspects and market relations have influence over authority relations. Your overall aim should be based on bringing both organising forms into sharper focus. I suggest you follow the following structure for your compare and contrast essay:
Introduction Introduction (from general to specific topic)
Your main thesis telling which areas to be covered in this essay
Body Paragraph 1 Topic sentence – Aspect 1
Property/Ownership/Economic relations & Local aspects & Market relations
Org. form 1
Org. form 2
Body Paragraph 2 Topic sentence – Aspect 2
Political power and processes/Decision Making & Local aspects & Market relations
Org. form 1
Org. form 2
Body Paragraph 3 Topic sentence – Aspect 3
Ideological structure/Assumptions, values, norms & Local aspects & Market relations
Org. form 1
Org. form 2
Conclusion Summary of main points
Evaluation (what can we get from this discussion in regards to organisation and management knowledge?)
Significance of topic to you (What can you say personally in regards to knowing about authority relations, local aspects and market relations?)